#16 Dissect Phenomenon based Learning with Ilona Taimela (透視現象為本學習)


This episode is all about Phenomenon based learning. Given Finland’s Phenomenal Education site , Phenomena-based learning and teaching is that “holistic real-world phenomena provide the starting point for learning. The phenomena are studied as complete entities, in their real context, and the information and skills related to them are studied by crossing the boundaries between subjects”.

We are lucky to have Ilona Taimela joining us who is specialised in Phenomenon based learning, design thinking, participatory processes and sustainability. 

Ilona has an over 25 years of experience from training teachers in Finland nationwide and now more internationally. 

She is the CEO of Helsinki Education Consulting Group.  She provides consulting services to cities and schools in implementing the new Finnish National Curriculum with her long experience from being a classroom and subject teacher,  a university researcher, to an executive director and an administrator.  She is no doubt an engaging, energising and a sought after speaker.

Connect with Ilona:
Facebook | Twitter | Website


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Show Notes with Selected Links

  • [01:55] Why Finland introduced Phenomenon based learning ?
  • [03:16] Why focuses on inter-disciplinary?
  • [04:53] How IIona defines Phenomenon based learning and the key ingredients in Phenomenon based learning?
  • [08:37] An example of Ilona’s favorite Phenomenon based learning project she designed before.
  • [11:28] The steps to design Phenomenon based learning.
  • [18:27] Tools or tips to narrow down the skills teacher want to embed in a phenomenon based learning project.
  • [22:56] Examples of the phenomena Finnish schools have picked.
  • [26:03] What do students’ mind maps look like?
  • [29:16] The ways teacher guide students to do inquiry based learning or facilitate the process.
  • [37:36] Advice for teachers who wants to try out phenomenon based learning.
  • [42:18] Ilona’s core value in education.
  • [43:56] Parting thoughts.


Please go to here.


  • Do your students have the space to teach others in your class?
  • What is the percentage of time you usually talk in a class compared to your students?

What can you do tomorrow

  • Pick a current phenomenon that is relevant to your students’ lives.
  • When introducing a new concept, you can guide your students by asking what they already know and what they want to know about it. After that, giving them some time to do research. 

Song Tracks Credits

What is your favorite idea from this episode? Please let me know in the comment section! 您在這集中有哪個最喜歡的點子嗎?歡迎在以下留言與我分享!

#15 現象為本與立體式學習 – 陳玟樺老師 (Phenomenon-based and Pop-ups Learning)

陳玟樺老師是臺灣師範大學課程與教學所博士, 也曾是新北市清水高中數學教師。 大家最熟知玟樺老師的作品就是《我在芬蘭中小學做研究的日子:芬蘭中小學教育現場課室親身觀摩365日》,這本書揭示玟樺老師親身在芬蘭的課堂觀摩經驗,芬蘭的新課綱目標、七大橫向能力、客製化的「一生一課表」等,為台灣現今推行新課綱提供借鑑。

玟樺老師的研究也受到許多肯定。她的博士論文「立體學習地景——芬蘭赫爾辛基一間學校的現象為本學習」,榮獲 108學年度賈馥茗教授教育基金會博士學位論文優良獎、108學年度田培林教授博士學位論文優良獎,是年度唯一雙料冠軍!



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本集大綱 Show Notes:

  • [01:45] 什麼現象為本學習?
  • [02:56] 芬蘭結合現象為本學習的例子。
  • [07:44] 與專題式學習 (Project-based learning) 異同處。
  • [09:23] 真實世界的案例或現象的結合的好處和實踐上的困難。
  • [12:28] 反思是學習的重要環節,常常也是真正學習的開始。書中提到的例子是,在現象為本的學習中,芬蘭老師問學生:你跨領域學習了嗎? 以引導學生思考。想問在您的觀察,芬蘭老師問學生的問題或方式有什麼不一樣之處?或甚至現象為本的學習有什麼不凡於一般的引領問法?
    • 四點量表
  • [16:57] 什麼是立體學習 (Pop-ups learning ),和老師創造這名詞的靈感。
  • [22:59] 學生享受這學習過程的例子。
  • [31:23] 台灣老師可以如何發展或培養立體學習?
  • [34:30] 老師曾經是高中數學教師,您經過這段精彩的研究歷程後,如果現在您再回去教您的高中數學,您會有什麼改變?或是您會有哪些建議對當時的您說?
  • [39:35] 結語

回顧我們的教學 Reflections:

  • 宏觀上來看,您希望您的學生在這階段需要學到的技能是什麼? 除了學術基礎之外,您有其他的教學主軸嗎?
  • 您如何引導孩子結合跨領域的知識?

改變的一小步 What can you do tomorrow:

  • 選擇一個現象,例如COVID-19或氣候變遷,結合在您的教學主題中,讓學生討論貼近他們生活的問題。
  • 保留時間讓學生有探索解決方式的空間,取代傳統教師直接講述過程。

音樂來源 Song Track Credits:

您在這集中有哪個最喜歡的點子嗎?歡迎在以下留言與我分享! What is your favorite idea from this episode? Please share with me in the comment section!